Borneo, the third-largest island in the world, is a popular tourist destination known for its diverse culture, stunning natural landscapes, and unique wildlife. The island is divided into three countries: Malaysia, Brunei, and Indonesia. Each country offers a variety of attractions for tourists to explore.

proboscis monkey, animal, Visit Borneo

Exploring the Rich Research Opportunities in Borneo: A Guide to Understanding the Island’s Unique Ecosystem and Culture

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Visit Borneo is a global Borneo portal, focusing on orangutans and other endangered species , unique wildlife and nature, sustainable development, conservation projects, responsible travel and sustainable tourism information, holidays, sports and leisure activities.

Here are some of the most popular tourist destinations on the island of Borneo.

  • Kinabalu Park in Malaysia – This UNESCO World Heritage Site is home to Mount Kinabalu, the highest mountain in Southeast Asia. The park offers a variety of hiking trails for visitors to explore, including the challenging climb to the summit of the mountain. The park also boasts a diverse range of flora and fauna, including over 800 species of orchids and over 300 species of birds.


  • Mulu Caves in Malaysia – These limestone caves are located in the Gunung Mulu National Park and are a popular destination for adventure-seekers. The park offers a variety of cave-related activities, including the famous “Headhunter’s Trail,” a challenging hike that takes visitors through a series of dark and narrow limestone caves.
  • Sandakan Memorial Park in Malaysia – This park is dedicated to the memory of the prisoners of war who were held in Sandakan during World War II. The park features a museum and a number of monuments, including a replica of the original Sandakan camp. It is a place of historical significance and a powerful reminder of the atrocities of war.
  • Ulu Temburong National Park in Brunei – This park is known for its untouched rainforest and offers visitors the chance to explore the rainforest canopy via a system of elevated walkways. The park is home to a variety of wildlife, including the Proboscis monkey, which is native to Borneo.
  • Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre in Indonesia – This center is located in the Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation and is dedicated to the conservation and protection of the endangered orangutan population. Visitors can observe the orangutans being rehabilitated and learn about the work being done to protect these amazing animals.
  • Tanjung Puting National Park in Indonesia – This park is located in the heart of Borneo and is home to a variety of wildlife, including the endangered Bornean elephant, the Bornean orangutan, and the clouded leopard. Visitors can take a traditional “Klotok” boat trip along the Sekonyer River to explore the park and see the wildlife up close.
Borneo orangutan
Borneo orangutan


Wildlife and Nature

The island of Borneo is home to many unique and endangered species, such as the orang utan, proboscis monkey, the Borneo Rhino, the Pygmy Elephant, as well as the Green and Hawsbill Turtle. More wildlife is discovered by the scientists who live and conduct research in the many national parks, rainforests, mountains and remote regions on the island. Several conservation projects have been set up in Brunei, Sabah, Sarawak, and Kalimantan in collaboration with local governments, the WWF, research institutions, nature and other wildlife and nature and environmental not for profit organisations.

Borneo Travel and Tourism

Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei, and Kalimantan are easily reachable by plane from abroad. Borneo has several international airports. More distant travel within Sabah, Sarawak, Kalimantan, or Brunei mostly takes place by plane or boat. There is a wide selection of hotels, resorts, inns, guest houses and backpackers available to cater for tourists, business travellers and expatriates alike.

Borneo Holidays

Borneo has become a very popular holiday destination in recent years. Polular Borneo holidays include adventure holidays, jungle trekking holidays, beach holidays, orang utan and wildlife safaries, bird watching, and diving. Many visitors spend their honeymoon, Chinese New Year, Easter or Christmas at one of the many top resort hotels. Many popular tourist hotels and resorts are located only a few miles outside Kota Kinabalu in Sabah, as well as outside Kuching or Miri in Sarawak, which are great starting points for many Borneo tours to its wildlife, nature and cultural attractions.

Sports and Outdoor Activities

Borneo offers great opportunities for scuba diving, particularly off East Sarawak and off the islands of Sabah, mountain climbing, caving, golf, fishing, and rafting. Borneo tour operators may be able to help in arranging a sports holidays, particularly diving, fishing, golf and adventure treks.

Conservation and Sustainability

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Visit Borneo also provides resources for expats and people relocating to Sabah and Sarawak on Malaysian Borneo, Kalimantan on the Indonesian Borneo, and Brunei Darussalam.